January 2021

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Exploring Anterior Circulation, Posterior Circulation, and Protopathic Bias

Discussion A disease is not a thing, but rather a process. A disease has a beginning, a middle, and an end. A treatment intervention that is given in the middle of a disease process may be blamed for causing the disease itself. This is called protopathic bias. Protopathic Bias is when a treatment for the symptoms of a disease or injury appears to cause the outcome, when in fact it did not. Background In 2017, the top-ranked orthopedic journal...